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Pizza is more famous as an Italian dish but as a fact is not the country of its origin. Flat breads were eaten as a common food in Greece, in which the main constituents were herbs, spices and dates along with flour.

The idea of flat bread found its way into Italy during the 18th century and got the name "Pizza’s", during this time pizza was not topped with anything but was sold just plain on the streets of Italy. It was cheap to make and was very tasty.

In the end if the 18th century Queen Margheritta along with her husband was on a tour in their Italian province, during her travels she noticed peasants eaten this flat bread and curious to taste the queen ordered the guards to get some of this bread for her to eat, the queen loved the bread and would eat it every time she was amongst the native’s. The queen was delighted every time she ate flat bread and ordered her chef to bake this bread in the royal palace for her own pleasure.

In honor of the queen her chef baked a special pizza just for the queen, He topped the flat bread with tomatoes, Mozarella Cheese and fresh basil, It also symbolized the Italian flag. This became the queens favorite pizza, and as an honor to the queen this pizza was called margeritta which spread along the natives and is now famous through out the world.

After the innovation of margherita the people began variations in different parts of the country, The pizza was topped with various other delicacies which included Bologna and meat along with different vegetables, herbs and other flavorings. It was about this time that a special break ovens came into existence just to bake pizza.

Pizza spread to America, France, England and Spain, During the World War While occupying Italian territories, many American and European soldiers tasted Pizza for the first time. It was love at first taste! Italian immigrants had been selling Pizzas in their American stores for some time, but it was the returning soldiers with a lust for the saucy delight that drew the Pizzas out of the quiet Italian neighborhoods into the main stream of city life all over the continent. Today we celebrate Pizza. February 9 is International Pizza Day and the Guinness Book of Records states that the largest Pizza ever made and eaten was created in Havana, Florida and was 100 feet and 1 inch across!

Varieties of Pizzas

  • New York style pizza : New York style pizza has a characteristic wide, thin and foldable crust.
  • Sicilian pizza : This style of pizza orignated in Sicily and differs from other styles of pizzas because the cheese is placed below the sauce.
  • Greek pizza : These pizzas have authentic greek ingredients as toppings. In some cases the pizza crust is cooked on pan and not in an oven.
  • Chicago style pizza : Chicago style of pizza is a deep dish pizza. The crust is taller than the thick layers of cheese and sauce.
  • Pizza al taglio : This variety of pizza is cooked in large rectangular trays and is sold in rectangular slices.
  • New Haven style pizza : This style of pizza has a characteristic thin, crispy and chewy crust. It uses a very balanced amount of sauce, cheese and toppings.
  • Hawaiian pizza : Hawaiian pizza usually consists of cheese, tomato with pineapple and onions in vegetarian pizza and ham in non vegetarian pizzas.
  • California style pizza : This style of pizza is characterized with non traditional toppings that derive from cuisines and not the normal italian style cheese and sauce.
  • St. Louis style pizza : The most definitive characteristic of St. Louis style pizza is the extremely thin crust. Yeast is not used in making this style of pizza. Pizzas are also cut into rectangular pieces instead of large pie shaped slices.
  • Mexican pizza : Mexican pizzas are made with ingredients from mexican cuisine. It makes use of salsa, taco sauce etc instead of the normal tomato sauce.
  • Pissaladiere : This type of pizza is made in France. It uses thicker dough than the Italian pizza and does not use tomatoes. Originally cheese was not used for making this kind of pizza!
  • Detroit style pizza : This is a square pizza with thick deep dish crust. Another notable difference is that the toppings are placed under the sauce.

Styles of Pizza Base

  • Deep Dish : This originated in the state of Chicago, The pizza begins with a thick layer of dough made with olive oil and cornmeal laid into a deep round pan and pulled up by the sides, It is then half baked before the toppings are added and the pan is heavily oiled to give it a for the pizza to have a fried effect on the outside crust, The usual toppings of this pizza is sliced mozzarella cheese and different meats. Deep Dish pizza’s are eaten mostly with a knife and fork as it is thick and makes it awkward to eat with fingers.
  • Stuffed Pizza : Stuffed pizza’s are usually taller and thicker than deep dish pizza’s, The difference about this style of pizza is that there is different layers of toppings added on the crust and there is also a layer of meat that is stuffed inside the crust of the pizza.
  • Pan pizza : Pan pizza again was started in the kitchen of Chicago is similar to the deep-dish and baked in a similar deep-sided pan, but its crust is quite thick, the specialty of this style of pizza is that the cheese and other toppings are added first instead of the usual pizza sauce.
  • Thin-crust pizza : The crust is topped with the traditional Italian style tomato sauce, which usually has quite a lot of herbs or is highly spiced, there is a thin layer of toppings which are added and is a final layer of mozzarella cheese. This pizza is cut into squares, also known as party cut.

Quick Pizza Recipes

Ingredients for a pizza base
  • 2 cups of plain flour
  • 2 teaspoons of fresh yeast
  • 1 teaspoon of sugar
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • 1 tablespoon of oil
Method to make a pizza base
  • Make a smooth dough of all ingredients except oil using water.
  • Add oil and knead again. Cover the dough with a moist cloth and keep it aside till it almost doubles in volume.
  • Mix it again to remove the air. Make 2-3 balls out of the dough.
  • Roll into a circle of desired width and thickness.
  • You can now use any topping of your choice to make a yummy pizza at home.
Ingredients for a Vegetarian Pizza
  • 2 Medium Pizza Base (you can get Pizza base readily available in a bakery or prepare at home by steps mentioned above)
  • 1 onion, 1 tomato, 1 capsicum cut into square pieces (choose any other vegetables as toppings)
  • 4-5 mushrooms cut into flat pieces
  • Cheese
  • Tomato Sauce
  • Salt, pepper
Method to make a Vegetarian Pizza
  • Mix all the vegetables in a container with salt and pepper. Heat it at 100% power for 30 seconds.
  • Spread the sauce on the pizza base.
  • Spread the topping on the pizza base.
  • Sprinkle the grated cheese on the base and add few more toppings.
  • Heat it in an oven at 250 degrees for 15 minutes.
  • Add seasonings and serve hot.
Ingredients for a Chicken Pizza
  • 2 Medium Pizza Base
  • 450gms Boneless chicken breast
  • 4-5 mushrooms, capsicum, tomato cut into flat pieces
  • Cheese
  • Tomato Sauce
  • Salt, pepper
  • Oil
Method to make a Chicken Pizza
  • Heat Oil on medium flame. Add chicken, salt and saute for few minutes till chicken is cooked.
  • For the vegetarian toppings follow the same proceedure as the vegetarian pizza recipe.
  • Spread the sauce on the pizza base.
  • Spread the toppings on the pizza base.
  • Sprinkle the grated cheese on the base and add few more toppings.
  • Heat it in an oven at 250 degrees for 15 minutes.
  • Add seasonings and serve hot.
Tips : You can replace chicken with mutton or seafood and follow the same proceedure to make any other flavor of pizza.